John Collier (1850-1934)John Collier came from a very wealthy English family of merchants and members of parliament, which served his artistic career most likely. After studying art in England, Paris, where he was a student of Jean-Paul Laurens, and Munich, he focused mainly on portraits. Some were commissioned by the most important families in Great Britain including he future King George V. His style was strongly influenced by Lawrence Alma-Tadema and John Everett Millais one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
These influences are clearly recognizable in his history paintings. Like it was the taste of the time Collier blends history with myths and historical legends, preferably in a classic Greek decor. Though there are strong women like the demonic Lilith or the murderous Clytemnestra. But they shouldn't be confused with early feminism, since the delicate mostly scantily clad maidens probably primarily served the usual voyeurism.
Despite it seems usual to assign Collier in some way to the Pre-Raphaelites, he never had even a shade of their force. He was a typical Victorian painter using a kind of neoclassical style and his art was much more exploitation than innovation