Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472-1553)Lucas Cranach the Elder was a German Renaissance painter. He was court painter of the Duke of Saxony and therefore one of the most important artists of the Protestant Reformation. He became also a close friend of Martin Luther. As a very sucessful painter he had a large workshop and therfore many works exist in different versions. Later his son Lucas Cranach the Younger continued to create versions of his father's works for decades after his death.
Cranach did a lot of paintings with biblical and mythological subjects which were both regarded as historical in his time. It's easy to spot that he treated both in the same manner. He depicted people of his world playing historical roles. So it was very fashionable for the noble ladys at court to pose as Judith or as Salome.
History is nothing what happened many years ago and in foreign cultures, it's much more about stories which could happen every day.