Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669)Rembrandt van Rijn was an Dutch artist in the period called Dutch Golden Age painting. But he is also considered the greatest in Dutch painter at all and one of the most important artists in European history.
Like most of his colleagues of this period he did many portraits and genre paintings. What can be considered as history paintings are mostly biblical subjects. But the stories and legends of the Bible were then considered as real history. There are also a few with greek mythological themes, but much less than in the case of many contemporary Italian or French artists.
A real exception is his "The Conspiracy of the Batavians". Here he left not only the sphere of the Greco-Roman and biblical legends, but also invoked the "national" history of the Netherlands, which began at this time their War of Independence against Spain.
But although Rembrandt's paintings are full of vitality and its people seem quite natural, the "Historical" stays unfamiliar to him. He depicts Dutchmen as biblical or classical heroes. And if he tries really hard he shows them with a turban as Orientals.